Home Preparation


Storing Foods

A great many homes have pantry shelves and if you take inventory, you will find in most cases enough food to last for several days. Try not to let these shelf supplies run too low.

Should you choose to maintain a separate shelf just for emergency use, date the cans and rotate them with the pantry supply so that they do not get old.

In storing food, consider the possibility of friends or relatives who might have to depend upon your family's hospitality, should they be evacuated from their homes.

After an earthquake, use the food in your refrigerator and freezer first. Even thought he quake may not have interrupted your power, aftershocks or fires may; or shortages elsewhere could result in loss of your electric current.

When opening cans of fruits or vegetables, do not throw away the liquid in which they are packed. This is another source of liquid if there is a water shortage.

Do not drink or eat anything from open containers near shattered glass. Strain suspected liquids though a clean handkerchief.

Suggested list of foods to store for a family of four for four days:

Storing Water

Plan to have available about 4 gallons of water (including the liquids that you store with your food supply) for each member of the family. This about a week's supply for drinking. Bathing, washing and cleaning up messes will take additional water.

In planning, consider the water that you have already stored. The hot water heater is full of 20 to 30 gallons of water. Ice cubes can be melted. If there are no chemicals in the holding tank of the toilet, there are a few gallons of water there that can be used,. Do not waste water in flushing until you know what the water situation will be.

Water can be safely stored in plastic jugs. Use bleach jugs as they are emptied. Don't rinse them out as the remaining bleach will act as a purifier. Change this water every six months. Date the bottles.

After a quake, if you have water pressure, start running some water into the tub. It can be stored here and purified later if needed for drinking. The water from taps after a quake can be contaminated.

How to Purify Water

Bleach Purification table
Amount of Water   Clear Water	     Cloudy Water
1 quart             2 drops           4 drops
1 gallon            8 drops          16 drops
5 gallons          1/2 tsp.          1 tsp.

Home Emergency Supplies

This suggested list consists of items usually available in a home and used regularly. It is designed to help your family identify and organize them for any emergency. Quantities of emergency supplies should be adequate for at least 72 hours. A two week supply of water, food, medicine and other consumable items is recommended as a minimum reserve.


Sanitation Supplies

Safety and Comfort


Tools and Supplies

Car Mini-Survival Kit

Basic First Aid Supplies

Stock first aid supplies before you need them,. and if possible, avoid adding these items to the jumble of items in the medicine cabinet. The American Red Cross recommends that first aid supplies be assembled in a suitably labeled fire resistant box such as a fishing tackle box or small tool chest so that everything will be handy when needed. Do not lock the box or you may be hunting for the key when seconds count. Remember to store kit out of the reach of small children.

Clearly label all items and know what they are used for. According to the American Red Cross, a first aid kit may include these items, all available without prescription:

As you pack the kit, be sure the contents are arranged so that items can be found quickly without unpacking the entire box. Additional equipment such as an icebag and a hot water bottle are handy to have in the house when needed.