Family Disaster Plan and Personal Survival Guide
There are many different kinds of disasters. Earthquakes, floods, fires,
airplane crashes, chemical spills, pipeline leaks and explosions, and
others, small and large, which seldom give warning are equally
devastating to their victims. This guide is primarily geared to
earthquakes, but the planning you and your family do now will be of
benefit when and if any disaster strikes you.
Family Meetings: At least once a year have a meeting
with your family to discuss and update your plan and determine what
training, equipment and supplies are needed. Occasional drills will
assure quick reaction and avoid injury and panic in an emergency. Share
your plans with neighbours, friends, relatives, and co-workers.
- Learn how to protect yourself from falling objects, smoke, fire,
caustic fumes, etc.
- Learn First Aid (available through your local Red Cross Chapter)
Persons Trained: ____________________________ Date: ___________________
Location of First Aid kit: ___________________________________
- Learn how and where to shut off utilities.
Location of gas valve: _______________________
Location of wrench: __________________________
Location of main water valve: _______________________
Location of main circuit breaker: _______________________
Location of other utilities: ____________________________________________________
- Draw a Plan of your home
On a piece of paper draw a floor plan of your home showing the location
of exit windows and doors, utility cutoffs, First Aid Kit, emergency
supplies, food, clothing, tools, etc. Be sure everyone in you household
is familiar with it. Show it to baby-sitters and house guests when
you're going to be away. They could use it to direct someone to a
utility cutoff in an emergency.
- List alternate places to meet around home
- Alternate reunion locations when family is not at home, e.g. Red
Cross shelter, neighbour, relative, park, school. ___________________________________________________________________-
- Learn and discuss school disaster policy. Church? Club? Other? Are medical consent forms complete? ___________________________________________________________
- Identify where emergency supplies and equipment are located.
Fire extinguisher: ________________________________
Portable radio: ____________________________________
Safety equipment: __________________________________
Sanitation supplies: ___________________________________
Cooking equipment: ________________________________
Extra eyeglasses: __________________________________
First Aid Supplies: ________________________________
Complete set of clothes, shoes, gloves: ________________________________________________________
- Put on Heavy shoes immediately to avoid injury from stepping on
glass and other debris.
- Check for injuries and give first aid.
- Check for fires and fire hazards.
- Remove fallen objects from top of stove
- Sniff for gas leaks, starting at the hot water heater. If you smell
gas or suspect a leak, turn off main gas valve, open windows and
carefully leave house. Do not turn lights on or off or
light matches or do anything that makes a spark.
Note: Do not shut off gas unless an emergency exists. Do Not turn it back on until the gas company or plumber has checked it out.
- If damage to electrical system is suspected, (frayed wires, sparks or the smell of hot insulation) turn off system at main circuit breaker or fuse box.
- If water leaks are suspected, shut off water at main valve.
- Check neighbours for injury.
- Turn on radio and listen for advisories. Locate light source if necessary.
- Do not touch downed power lines or objects touched by downed wires.
- Clean up potentially harmful materials.
- Do not use phone except for genuine emergencies.
- Check house, roof and chimney for damage.
- Check emergency supplies.
- Check to see that sewage lines are intact before continued flushing of toilets.
- Do not go sightseeing.
- Open closets and cupboards carefully.
- Cooperate with public safety officials. Be prepared to evacuate when necessary.
- Prominently post a message indicating where you can be found.
- Take with you
- First Aid Kit
- Flashlight, radio and batteries
- Important papers and cash
- Sleeping bags/blankets
- Toiletries and personal items
- Baby supplies
Keep a list posted of supplies/equipment that your particular family members may need to take with them in case of evacuation. Include such items as:
- Medication, insulin & syringes
- Eyeglasses, contact lens supplies
- Wheelchairs, walker, crutches
- Oxygen tanks
- Special dietary needs, special baby formula
- Name and number of family doctor and dentist
Pets are not permitted in shelters, so families should plan for their pets in the event of a disaster such as an earthquake.
If you must leave your home, you should very seriously consider
provisions for leaving your pets behind. They should be confined to
a basement, garage or bathroom. Leave only friendly dogs together.
Never leave cats with dogs, even friendly dogs. Do not leave pets in a
car with windows closed.
The most important task is to provide water. Dogs and cats adapt well to
deprivations of food, but not water. Fill a tub or several buckets. Tie
any vessel so that it cannot be tipped over.
It may be better to leave no food than to leave food which will spoil.
It is probably best to leave only dry pet food, low in protein and fat.